What is Autism?
Autism is the complex developmental disorder, as a result of neurological trauma that has direct effect on normal brain function. The disorder is mainly characterized by weakened social interaction, impaired verbal or non verbal communications and indulgence in a repetitive behaviour. Experts believe that, although the signs and symptoms of autism start appearing by the age of 3 years, the real cause of the condition is rooted in certain mutational changes and environmental conditions occurred during early life.
Much like a machine, our brain relies on internal network of cells commonly known as Neurons or Nerve cells to communicate with other organs of the body through transmission of electrical signals. These neurons are observed to be having long projections, through which they form a strong network of cells inside human brain. Through these networks only, our brain regulates other body functions, ranging from social behaviour to movements. These neurons are covered with the protective insulating material known as Glial Cells, when they die or degenerate due to certain trauma, neurons are easily exposed to and are vulnerable to outer trauma. The dead or degenerated neurons will not be able to function properly and thus impairing effective communication amongst them.
Although the extent of impairment, is variable to each and every individual, some of the common symptoms reported so far in autistic children are as follows.
Symptoms of Autism
Difficulty with verbal communication, including problems using and understanding language
Inability to participate in a conversation, even when the child has the ability to speak
Difficulty with non-verbal communication, such as gestures and facial expressions
Difficulty with social interaction, including relating to people and to his or her surroundings
Difficulty making friends and preferring to play alone
Unusual ways of playing with toys and other objects, such as only lining them up a certain way
Difficulty adjusting to changes in routine or familiar surroundings, or an unreasonable insistence on following routines in detail
Repetitive body movements, or patterns of behavior, such as hand flapping, spinning, and head banging
Preoccupation with unusual objects or parts of objects.
Hyper activity, low concentration levels, Inability to do easy tasks such as tying shoe laces, buttoning shirts etc.
The present available treatments of Autism have only limited effects in the management of symptoms and vary from person to person. However, the advent of stem cell technology has opened up new avenues in the cure for Autistic Children. Besides, having the potential to stimulate normal functioning of glial cells, these adult cells also have the functional capacity to trigger stimulation of in vivo growth factors and immunomodulators to generate a microenvironment; that can boost up the repair of damaged or weakened neurons and thus promoting improvement in impaired functions. The behaviours and challenges typically associated with the autism are often as a result of differences in thinking and processing of the information. It is through the deep understanding of these impacts and their different thinking style; our experts have been able to develop better treatment approaches and strategies with the help of stem cells; which allow people to better understand and contribute to their betterment.