Cancer Treatment in India
In a typical stem cell transplant for cancer very high doses of chemo are used, sometimes along with radiation therapy, to try to kill all the cancer cells. This treatment also kills the stem cells in the bone marrow. Soon after treatment, stem cells are given to replace those that were destroyed. These stem cells are given into a vein, much like a blood transfusion. Over time they settle in the bone marrow and begin to grow and make healthy blood cells. This process is called engraftment.
There are 3 basic types of transplants. They are named based on who gives the stem cells.
- Autologous(aw-tahl-uh-gus) – thecells come from you
- Allogeneic(al-o-jen-NEE-ick or al-o-jen-NAY-ick) – the cells come from a matched related or unrelated donor
- Syngeneic(sin-jen-NEE-ick or sin-jen-NAY-ick) – the cells come from your identical twin or triplet