Stem Cell Therapy for Cerebral Palsy

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Cerebral Palsy Treatment in India

Cerebral palsy is a broad term used to describe a group of non progressive “chronic palsies” impairing control over movements due to brain damage. Children with CP are most likely born with the condition, but some may acquire later during a first 3-5 years of child’s life. The disorder is generally associated with the secondary conditions such as difficulty eating, bladder/bowel problems, seizures and learning disabilities; which can get better or worse over time.

Cerebral Palsy Treatment

CP is often associated with abnormal brain development or damage to some parts of the brain may be due to poor oxygen supply or internal bleeding. Though it is difficult to pinpoint exact cause, the primary Cerebral palsy causes may be genetic abnormalities, congenital brain malformation, maternal infections or fever etc. This damage to brain cannot be reversed with the current treatments available. For the children with CP who struggling for the normal life style; stem cells technology has come up as the new ray of hope. Apart from tendency to give rise to healthy neurons; these stem cells also has a unique ability to identify and home in the affected area. These cells are also responsible for creation of microenvironment and secretion of hormones for faster rejuvenation.

We all should understand that stem cell treatment is not a temporary solution but a long term goal; through which it is possible to live in a better way.

Symptoms of Cerebral palsy

Major Manifestations of Cerebral Palsy, in patients include the following:

Signs of cerebral palsy include:

  • Not blinking at loud noises by one month
  • Not sitting by seven months
  • Not turning head toward sounds by four months
  • Not verbalizing words by 12 months
  • Walking with an abnormal gait
  • Seizures

Symptoms of cerebral palsy include:

  • Choking,Difficulty grasping objects, Difficulty swallowing
  • Fatigue, Inability to focus on objects, Inability to hear, Pain

Conventionally only supportive treatments were present to temporarily relieve the pain or the symptoms, additionally there are many support services available for the effective management of some activities and programs such as day care services or nursing programs. Although the damage in terms of death of neurons cannot be halted or reversed with this treatment approach till the discovery of stem cells.

Stem cells are the master cells of the body, mainly differentiating into the required type of cells upon administering a proper cocktail of growth factors and stimulatory agents in vitro. The stem cell therapy approach mainly focuses on delivering the sufficient number of Adult Autologous Stem Cells which will travel into multiple areas of the brain where the damage has occurred.These transplanted stem cells are potential to transform into new brain cells which are needed for the replacement of damaged cells. They also help in creating a microenvironment that will secret some of the enzymes required for making connections to replace lost parts of the complex network.