An Overview of Heart Bypass surgery
Heart Bypass surgery, also known as Coronary bypass surgery is a surgical treatment proceeded in order to divert the flow of blood across the partially blocked artery in your heart. It creates a new pathway to your heart and improves the blood flow to your heart muscle. In this surgery, the surgeon takes a healthy blood vessel from your chest, arms or lungs and connects them to the other arteries in your heart so that the blood goes round the blocked areas.
Types of Heart Bypass surgery
There are certain types of Heart Bypass surgeries depending upon the number of arteries blocked –
- Single bypass –When there is a blockage in one artery
- Double bypass – When there is a blockage in two arteries
- Triple bypass – When there is a blockage in three arteries
- Quadruple bypass –Where there is a blockage in four arteries
Why there is a need for heart bypass surgery?
Heart Bypass surgery is used for the treatment of coronary heart diseases. This kind of disease takes place when a waxy kind of substance which is called Plaque forms inside the arteries of your heart and causes a blockage of oxygen and blood.
- Chest pain/Angina
- Kidney Diseases
- Irregularity of heartbeat
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Shortening of breath
How to prepare for Heart bypass surgery?
If you get a recommendation from your doctor for a heart bypass surgery, you will even get some instructions on how to prepare. You will need to go through certain kind of tests so that your doctors can an accurate picture of your health.
These tests include –
- Chest X-Ray
- Blood samples
The operation Procedure
During the operation, surgeons usually cut the middle of your chest in order to reach your heart. But there are certain operations which do not need the same. This is known as minimally invasive surgery.
You will have wound mark down your chest if the surgeon cuts your chest bone. And if they take out blood vessels from your arm or leg, you will also get some small wound marks in these areas as well. A heart-lung bypass machine is used for the circulation of blood in every corner of your body.
A surgeon is responsible for the operation of your heart but there are some surgeons who conduct the bypass operations without the help of this machine. This is known as beating heart surgery.
What are the risks of Heart bypass surgery?
The technology has been advanced over the years and this has increased the chances of a risk-free surgery. But still, heart bypass surgery carries certain risks.
The risks include some serious complication such as: -
- Low-grade fever
- Infection in body parts
- Severe chest pain
- Temporary or permanent loss of memory
- Kidney failure
- Stroke or heart attack
- Blood clots
What is the result of this surgery?
Most of the people feel much better and may remain free from any several years. Your results depend on your medications and healthy lifestyle. Some of them are: -
- A healthy diet
- Regular exercise
- Weight maintenance
- Stress management