Stem Cell Therapy for Kidney Diseases

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Kidney Disease Treatment in India

Kidney diseases occur when one suffers from a gradual and usually permanent loss of kidney function over time. Kidney disorders are one of the cosmopolitan diseases affecting many people. Transplantation offers a hope for cure, but many die due to the shortage of organ; those who are lucky to get the transplants, run the risk of immune rejection.

Kidney Treatment in India

Kidneys are the two bean shaped filtering units positioned at the back side of our body. They are anatomically made up of tiny structures known as Nephrons. These nephrons are the key regulators responsible for normal functioning of the kidneys. They filter the blood, retain back its normal salts, mineral contents and flush out toxins from the body through urine. Damage to these nephrons, as in case of most of the kidney disorders, drops down the kidney function to the serious threshold giving an alarming signal.

Kidney disorders may be “Acute” or “Chronic”. The acute kidney disease is characterized by temporary functional loss due to traumatic injury, obstruction in the blood flow towards the kidney or pregnancy associated complications; whereas chronic kidney diseases are associated with the dysfunctional kidneys for more than 3 months. The disease is often asymptomatic; rooted in abnormal immune conditions, urinary tract infections, inflammation, congenital birth defects, overdose of medications, etc. Due to this abnormality waste products and fluid build up is accumulated in the body causing weakness, vomiting, ankle swelling and/ or poor sleep. Untreated kidney failure is a serious and fatal condition.

Thus, considering these facts, some of the commonly associated symptoms have been listed out here:

Changes in urination
Unusual Sweating
Metallic taste in mouth
Nausea & Vomiting
Shortness of breath
Feeling cold
Leg/Flank pain

The conventional treatment for kidney disorders involve some oral steroidal medicines for an anti-inflammation. In critical conditions, the patients can be advised to be on dialysis frequently. However, this can be taken as only supplementary treatments and to regain back the normal kidney function, kidney transplant is the only available option. Additionally, life long supplementation of steroidal medicines can be very harmful to the body. Thus, medical fraternity had been always in search of some alternative treatment options to avoid steroids and kidney transplantation. Stem cell treatment can be the best choice for nephrological issues. Stem cells are the debut cells of the body, which can be differentiated into many cells upon proper activation. This remarkable property of stem cells can be exploited to treat a variety of medical problems. From the loads of data, available from various clinical trials; it has been observed that stem cells once injected into the body, can release some proteins, growth factors and cytokines, to promote the growth of kidney cells and proximal tubular epithelial cells. Although a lot of research is still under way, stem cells can definitely stop the progression of the disease.