Osteoarthritis can be considered as the uncomfortable condition involving severe joint pain and swelling of the lower extremities. The disease has direct impact on hinge joints such as elbow, knee, etc. The disease is also known to be causing inflammatory action against various connective tissues such as ligaments, cartilages, joint lining and underlying bone; resulting in the severe form of joint pain and stiffness due to their breakdown. The disease is thus as well known as the degenerative joint diseases. Osteoarthritis is a very common condition in a developing urban population. The overall data shows, 68% of men and 58% if women, between the age of 55 and above, are to be suffering from the condition. The prevalence of osteoarthritis as per the CDC report is almost close to 30 million people, only in America. It is very important to understand the physiology of the disease in order to know the possible treatment option.
The human bones are covered with an attachment of the soft tissue known as the cartilages. These cartilages primarily act as a shock absorber, allowing the bones to glide over each other to form a joint. Due to cartilages, the fiction between the two bones is reduced allowing easy movements. However, in patients with osteoarthritis, these cartilages are degenerated, exposing bones to heavy fiction; while moving. The increase in the rubbing can lead to excessive pain, redness and swollen tissue. The disease is typically found to be more common in aging population. The risk factors for the disease can be:
Cause of Osteoarthritis
- Metabolic Disorders
- Brittle bone
Like other forms of joint disorders, osteoarthritis as well develops progressively but worsens with time. Various symptoms that are identified are as follows:
- Severe joint pain while moving
- Redness of the skin
- Morning stiffness of the joints
- Observation of hard bones around affected joints
- Loss of flexibility in performing simple tasks
The disease can be diagnosed with the help of some common tests prescribed by your practitioners such as X-ray, MRI, Scans, bone density tests, etc. Conventionally, some steroidal medicines are offered to reduce the symptoms associated with the disease. Additionally, supportive treatments such as physiotherapy, occupational therapies can be suggested to minimize the pain. However, these treatments are only temporary, not causing any reversal of the condition. Thus, it is very important for the time, to search for the alternative option, which can reverse the damage, stop the progression and reduced pain. The stem cell treatment for osteoarthritis provides all.
Treatment for Osteoarthritis
Stem cells are the naïve cells, isolated from your own body tissues such as bone marrow or adipose tissues; which are known to have the ability to differentiate into various cells of different origin. The accumulated data from worldwide studies have suggested that these stem cells have the ability to differentiate into osteoblasts i.e. bone cells.
With the development of science, it is now possible to isolate these stem cells from your own body, concentrate in the ultramodern environment and infuse back in the joints as a treatment module.Once inside the joints, these stem cells can differentiate into different bone cells to restore the function, promote vascularisation to improve blood flow and create an environment to accelerate the process of recovery. With the increasing awareness, many people are opting for this minimally invasive, effective treatment option and getting benefited.